If you are running Proxmox on your network and wish to increase its security by using a FREE trusted SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt, then you are in luck! This post will walk you through the entire process. The process is quick and easy, assuming you already have a public domain via a registrar and a supported DNS server.
If you are accessing Home Assistant via HTTPS and want to surface Proxmox as an iFrame in your Home Assistant console then it will need a publicly trusted SSL certificate…so this post is perfect for you. Instructions for setting up an iFrame with a custom Proxmox icon are at the end of this post.
Let's Encrypt Requirements
In order for Let’s Encrypt to issue you a trusted SSL certificate for the FQDN of your Proxmox server you need a couple of things.
- You need to own a public domain via a registrar (any registrar).
- You need to be using a DNS provider supported by the Proxmox ACME client.
For this post we will be using the Cloudflare DNS provider. But you can substitute any supported provider. Proxmox has a massive list of supported DNS providers so chances are yours is listed.
Since we are configuring the Proxmox server for a trusted SSL certificate you will want to access your Proxmox server via FQDN from inside your home network. This will prevent any browser warnings. It also keeps all traffic (including DNS queries) within your home network. To do this you need to configure a DNS redirect rule on your router, firewall, Pi-hole, AdGuard server or with NextDNS.
What is a DNS redirect rule? Basically when your home computer does a DNS query for proxmox.mydomain.com we want the private internal IP address of your Proxmox server returned, not a public IP address of your ISP’s modem. This means your router/firewall will intercept that request to the public DNS server and respond with the private (internal) IP of your Proxmox server. See the diagram below for the traffic flow.
Before proceeding create a DNS direct rule that points the FQDN of your Proxmox server to the private (internal) IP address of your Proxmox server. You should not create a record in your public DNS Cloudflare zone that has the private IP of your Proxmox server. Do the redirect on an internal device.
Skip to the Cloudflare API Tokens & ID section below if you are using a DNS redirect rule.
Create Public DNS Record (Optional)
If you really want to use port forwarding or a reverse proxy to expose your Proxmox server to the internet (STRONGLY discouraged), then you can read this section for creating a public DNS record.
I would advise using other methods like a WireGuard VPN or Cloudflare Tunnels (also free) instead of opening up a hole in your home firewall. If you do want the public FQDN for your Proxmox server pointing to your home’s public IP address then I would really encourage using DDNS (Dynamic DNS). If you want to do it manually (not recommended), then follow this procedure:
Login to Cloudflare, locate your DNS zone, and manually add a record as follows:
Name: (e.g. proxmox)
IPv4: Public IP address your ISP assigned to your modem
Proxy status: Disable
Click Save. Usually the DNS record will update pretty quickly around the world. From any computer open a shell and do a nslookup of your new FQDN. Make sure it returns your home public IP address. Once you have the DNS record, then configure whatever means by which you want to expose Proxmox to the internet. Again, NOT recommended. Use a more secure method.
Cloudflare API Tokens & ID
If you don’t already have the API token (NOT a global token) for your DNS zone and your Cloudflare Account ID, go through this post and save the information in a safe place: Getting your Cloudflare DNS Zone API Key and Account ID
Creating Let's Encrypt Proxmox Accounts
We need to create two accounts in Proxmox so we can generate staging and production certificates.
1. In the left pane click on Datacenter, then in the middle pane select ACME, and in the right pane click on Add under Accounts.
2. Enter the following information:
Account Name: Staging
ACME Directory: Let’s Encrypt v2 Staging
Accept TOS: Tick box
3. Create another account for production:
Account Name: Production
ACME Directory: Let’s Encrypt v2
Accept TOS: Tick box
You should now see two accounts listed.
Add Cloudflare DNS ACME Plugin
The ACME DNS Plugin is what contains the necessary code to talk to the Cloudflare API and create the TXT record needed to prove to Let’s Encrypt you own the domain you want the certificate issued to. Proxmox has a number of built–in DNS providers, so if you aren’t using Cloudflare DNS review the list for a plugin to see if your provider is listed.
1. In the ACME pane under Challenge Plugins click Add. Fill in the following information:
Plugin ID: Cloudflare
DNS API: Cloudflare Managed DNS
CF_Account_ID= Your Cloudflare Account ID
CF_Token= Your Cloudflare DNS API Token (Not Global token)
Configure Domain ACME Challenge
This step configures the domain name that we want the certificate issued to.
1. In the left pane click on your Proxmox physical server then in the middle pane click on Certificates.
2. Under ACME click on Add. Configure the following. Make sure you use the FQDN of your Proxmox host (e.g. proxmox1.mydomain.com) for the domain. Do NOT just enter your registered domain name.
- Challenge Type: DNS
- Plugin: Cloudflare
- Domain: FQDN
Click on Create.
Minting your Let's Encrypt SSL Certificate
This section will mint your staging and production certificates. If your staging certificate request is a success, then proceed to doing the Production request. Let’s Encrypt rate limits production requests so ensure everything works in Staging before doing a Production request.
1. Under ACME and next to Using Account: click on Edit. Select Staging, then click Apply.
2. Click on the domain you added. Click on Order Certificates Now.
3. Monitor the Task viewer for any errors. If everything is successful Promox will restart its web server and you can refresh your browser. Your browser will still show an invalid SSL certificate, but if you look at the properties you will see it’s issued by Let’s Encrypt staging.
4. Next to Using Account click Edit and change to Production.
5. Click on Order Certificates Now.
6. Monitor the Task viewer for any errors. If all goes well the Proxmox UI will restart, then refresh your browser and make sure you are connecting via your domain’s FQDN and port 8006. You should not see any SSL certificate errors in your browser.
Note: Some browsers may need you to close the old Proxmox webpage and open a new tab/window with the FQDN to get rid of the certificate warning.
Home Assistant iFrame (Optional)
If you are accessing Home Assistant over HTTPS and want to add the Proxmox console as an iFrame, this is very easy to do. Open your configuration.yaml file and add the following:
panel_iframe: proxmox: title: Proxmox url: "https://proxmox.mydomain.com:8006" icon: "phu:proxmox" require_admin: true
If you want a Proxmox icon displaying, you can use the custom-brands-icon package. It is installed via HACS and provides hundreds of icons that you may find very useful. To use them on the HA front-end, add the following extra_module_url line to your configuration.yaml file. Restart Home Assistant.
frontend: extra_module_url: - /local/community/custom-brand-icons/custom-brand-icons.js
Configuring Promox to use a trusted SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt is super easy. Once you request a production certificate a background job will take care of renewing your certificate in an automated fashion. You can forget about touching your Proxmox SSL certificate ever again. If you are using Home Assistant, you can easily access the Proxmox console via an iFrame over HTTPS.